Wednesday, February 21, 2024

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Which single-board computer should you purchase: Raspberry Pi 5 or Raspberry Pi 4?


A Raspberry Pi 4 functioning as a desktop computer.

If you’re looking for a budget-friendly computer under $100 for experimenting, you’ve probably considered the Raspberry Pi family. Its compact size and energy efficiency make it a great option. However, despite the release of the Raspberry Pi 5, the older Pi 4 will still be available for purchase. The two models cater to different budgets, leading to the question: what sets the Raspberry Pi 5 apart from the Raspberry Pi 4? And is it worth investing in the newer Pi 5?

Comparison of Specifications: Raspberry Pi 5 vs Raspberry Pi 4

  Raspberry Pi 5 Raspberry Pi 4
SoC CPU: 4x Cortex-A76 at 2.4 GHz

Graphics Processing Unit: VideoCore VII running at 800 megahertz.

The CPU has 4 Cortex-A72 cores running at 1.8 GHz.

The graphics processing unit (GPU) is VideoCore VI running at a speed of 500 MHz.

RAM 4GB or 8GB
LPDDR4X-4267
1GB, 2GB, 4GB, or 8GB
LPDDR4-3200
Display output Two 4K 60Hz displays via miniHDMI ports

You can connect either one 4K display with a refresh rate of 60Hz or two 4K displays with a refresh rate of 30Hz each using the miniHDMI ports.

USB 2x USB 2.0
2x USB 3.0 @ 5Gbps
2x USB 2.0
2x USB 3.0
Boot storage Slot for a MicroSD card (UHS-I)
104 MBps
MicroSD card slot
52 MBps
Connectivity Dual band Wi-Fi 5
Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE)
Gigabit Ethernet
Dual band Wi-Fi 5
Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE)
Gigabit Ethernet
Power

A recommended voltage of 5 volts and a recommended current of 5 amps through the USB-C port.
PoE+ support
Onboard power button

The minimum required voltage and current for the USB-C port is 5V and 3A, respectively.
PoE support

Accessory support 40-pin GPIO
PCIe 2.0 interface (adapter required)
Fan header
Camera connector
40-pin GPIO
4-pole audio and video port
Camera connector

Raspberry Pi 5 vs Raspberry Pi 4: Performance

raspberry pi 5 cpu performance slide