The Asian Development Bank (ADB) stated that in order to maintain food security in the midst of climate change, ASIA needs to focus on reducing carbon emissions in agriculture and shifting towards a net-zero approach.
According to a working paper by the ADB, Asia contains 60% of the world’s population, 52% of global agricultural production, and 43% of emissions from agriculture-related greenhouse gases.
According to the statement, agriculture is a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions in Asia, even though it is a crucial source of income and food for many people in the region. In certain Asian countries, it makes up for over 40% of the overall emissions.
A significant contributor to agricultural emissions in the area is the cultivation of rice, utilization of synthetic fertilizers, burning of crop residue, and management of manure.
The majority of emissions typically originate from a small group of countries including India, Indonesia, Pakistan, the Philippines, China, and Vietnam.
Research has indicated that nations such as the Philippines, India, China, Indonesia, Myanmar, and Pakistan are accountable for a significant portion of food system emissions due to their need for resources and energy in the areas of processing, packaging, transportation, and storage.
The trend indicates that in order to reduce emissions, the food industry needs targeted policies for improving energy efficiency and reducing carbon output. This includes policies for both consumers and producers.
The ADB mentioned the importance of investing in adaptation and mitigation methods and encouraging the adoption of low-emission technologies to facilitate the shift towards achieving net zero.
The potential for Asia to help achieve the net-zero goal in agriculture and land use is among the highest in the world. According to the statement, there are multiple sources of emissions from agriculture and land-use change that can be mitigated to reach the net-zero target in Asian agriculture.
The suggestion was made to explore creative ways of obtaining funding and offering rewards that prioritize actions to prevent harm, as well as encouraging cooperation among neighboring areas to effectively put policies into action. – Luisa Maria Jacinta C. Jocson